How to Paint Unfinished Pine Furniture

How to paint unfinished pine furniture. Follow these steps to paint unfinished wood furniture like a pro. All the tips and tricks you need to know about painting Ikea pine furniture or unfinished wood including what kind of paint to use on pine wood.

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How to paint unfinished pine furniture - All the tips and tricks you need to know and the best way to paint any unfinished wood furniture.

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So you want to paint unfinished pine furniture?

Maybe you just finished building an awesome piece… or bought an unfinished pine furniture from Ikea.

You can’t wait to paint it your favorite color!

But if you are not careful, you might end up with a piece you are not too proud of (trust me, I have been there…)

Or your painted furniture piece may look amazing for a few weeks but then slowly, you start to see knots bleed through…. no one wants that!

After years of research, trial, and error, and painting a LOT of bare wood furniture, I have come up with a way to paint bare wood furniture that has been holding up really well.

Furniture painted with the below process is still going strong almost 8 years later.

Let’s get into it!

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What you need for painting pine wood

Be sure to download the printable instructions below – 


RELATED: The 7 essential supplies needed to paint furniture

How to paint unfinished wood

Here are the basic steps. I break down the reason for each step, how to do it and what you need in detail later in the text.

  1. Fill imperfections and holes with wood putty
  2. Sand down the piece with 220 grit sandpaper and wipe.
  3. Seal knots
  4. Primer – 2 coats
  5. Paint – 3 coats
  6. Polyurethane – 3 coats

Painting Unfinished wood

Let’s break down each of the above steps in detail.

Before you start out on a painting journey, make sure you have filled any pocket holes and imperfections with wood putty and sanded your unfinished wood furniture smooth. Sanding is my least favorite part of building furniture but unfortunately, it is also the most important!

Oh and don’t forget to wipe down the entire piece. My favorite way to do this is using a tack cloth.

How to seal knots in unfinished wood furniture

The main problem with unfinished wood furniture is the knots. If you build your own furniture, you know that you need to find lumber with the least knots. Unfortunately, you can never completely eliminate them… not if you want to stay on a budget anyway.

Why are these knots so bad?

Because they end up looking like this after a while (anywhere from a few weeks to years)…

Don't want these in your furniture? Check this out! You will thank me later! How to stop knots from bleeding through

That is the very first table I built and painted before I knew about any of this!
Nope. You really don’t want those knots showing through!

How to seal knots in bare wood before painting

The best way to seal knots in wood

Start by covering up the knots with wood putty. This will force all the little cracks and crevices to fill up with wood putty.

sealing knots in unfinished pine furniture before painting

Once dry, sand away the extra wood putty. Try to leave a thin layer of wood putty over the knot. It can be a very fine balance between removing the putty completely and leaving a little bump of putty. Make sure the surface is smooth and flat.

This is so important to paint any unfinished pine wood furniture

Next, cover the knots with a Shellac based primer using a disposable chip brush. You will need at least 2 coats. I like to cover only the knots and have found it to be sufficient.

How to seal knots in Ikea furniture

Once the Shellac base primer is dried up, make sure the areas are smooth. If the grain has raised you will have to sand it smooth with a sanding sponge and apply one more coat of the Shellac based primer.

Primer for wood furniture

Time to prime. I love using this primer for all my projects. I love that it is water based and you don’t have to worry about cleaning and disposal.

The best way to prime your furniture

My favorite way to apply primer is to use my paint sprayer but you can absolutely apply it using a good quality paintbrush or paint roller too.

The best way to apply primer to unfinished wood furniture

Bare wood is very thirsty! It soaks up primer! So don’t be surprised to see your coat looking splotchy after it has dried. I normally need at least 3 coats to get an even finish.

Don’t skimp on this step because you really don’t want the wood soaking up your paint.

At the end of the 3 coats of primer, I normally get a pretty smooth finish and rarely need to sand. But if you feel like the wood has any roughness at all rough, give it a light sand using a sanding sponge and wipe off all the dust with a tack cloth.

Painting raw wood furniture you just built

If you built this furniture and you have pocket holes and joints, now is the perfect time to look for all the imperfections. Once covered in primer, any holes and cracks that need to be filled are a lot more visible.

DIY Ikea Ivar cabinet hack adding caulk

Fill them up with wood putty or the cracks with caulking and sand them smooth with a sanding sponge. When you sand, make sure not to sand away the primer. Again, be sure to clean all the dust with that tack cloth!

What paint to use on wood furniture

Now comes the fun part! Adding paint! It is my favorite because I love using colors and the personality of the furniture piece truly comes through with it!

What kind of paint to use on pine wood

Honestly, there is no special paint for pine wood. You could use any kind of paint especially since it is primed already. I have used oil based, chalk type paint and latex paint with equal success. They each have their advantages but I primary use latex paint for my furniture.

I love using water-based latex paints because they are so easy to handle and clean up and I can use my paint sprayer to paint very quickly. Most of my projects use only 1 sample pot of paint and it is great to keep costs down.

The fastest way to paint any Ikea furniture

I love using my paint sprayer, but if you would rather brush or roll it on, be sure to use Floetrol to help achieve a smooth uniform coat.

You will need a minimum of  2 coats of paint to get full coverage and uniform and true color.

Sealing painted wood furniture

The last step to making your furniture last is to seal the paint with polyacrylic.

It is best to use water-based polyacrylic to preserve the color of your furniture. My love using the satin sheen. Oil-based polyacrylic can start to yellow over time so you may not want to use those on your pretty colors.

Apply a couple of coats of poly. Between each coat, make sure to sand with 300 grit sanding paper or sanding sponge and wipe away all the sanding dust.

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Painted Wood Furniture

You should end up with the PERFECT smooth and durable piece of painted wood furniture.

I have used this process for the last 2 years and all the furniture painted this way has held up perfectly! There have been no knots bleeding through!

How do you paint unfinished wood furniture? Do you have any other tips and tricks we could add here?

Be sure to download the printable instructions below – 


Some of my favorite painted pine furniture pieces –

Need more information? Here are a few more articles on the topic –

Anika's goal is to inspire and empower beginners with woodworking, DIY, home improvement, and home decor ideas.
She wants everyone to unlock their creative potential and experience the feeling that comes with making something. Nothing feels better better than seeing something and saying "I can make that!"

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  1. Anita Ducharme says:

    I have the same paint sprayer. For primer do you need to dilute? If so what do you use?

    1. Hi Anita,
      Yes, I dilute the primer to 3:1 – so I use 1 cup of primer and 1/3 cup of water.
      Let me know if you have any other questions

  2. entertainment center Eastern Pennsylvania says:

    Thanks for teaching us how to do this. I find it so beautiful.

  3. This has been so helpful! Thanks so much!

    How do you use the Floetrol? And which one do you use? The link takes me to the sprayer (which I am not ready to spend on just yet). 😉

    1. Hi Sandy, I apologize for the error in the link. I have updated it and now you can see exactly what Floetrol is. You need to mix it in with the paint. The ratio is shown on the bottle. Sometimes I have had to use a little more or less depending on the paint thickness. Anika

  4. How do you apply your polycrylic? Do you spray that on or use a brush?

    1. Hi Erin, I use my paint sprayer to spray the polyacrylic. You can brush it on but the probability of getting streaks is a lot higher. I get a good uniform coating with the paint sprayer.

  5. Great post and just what I needed to know. I just moved into this new home so I’m finding a way wherein I can redecorate everything according to my budget. Anyways, thank you for sharing them. Cheers! 

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